What are Offices of Outdoor Recreation?

Photo by Jack Sloop on Unsplash

The Outdoor Industry Association (OIA) works with states across the country in order to grow and maintain the outdoor recreation economy. In doing so, OIA has been a leading player in efforts to create outdoor recreation offices across the United States. These states have created these offices or task forces in order to:

  • “Bolster Economic Development” and the outdoor recreation economy
  • Promote health and wellness
  • Ensure conservation and stewardship of public lands and waters
  • Educate and engage children in the outdoors
  • Serve as a point of contact to the businesses, stakeholders and different levels of government that care about the outdoor recreation industry”

OIA keeps an updated list of states that have offices of outdoor recreation, read more for a summary of each individual program:

Offices of Outdoor Recreation


  • Colorado Outdoor Recreation Industry Office: seeks to “inspire industries and communities to thrive in Colorado’s great outdoors through our focus on four impact areas: economic development, conservation and stewardship, education and workforce, and health and wellness.”
  • Nathan Fey serves as the Director of the Colorado Office of Outdoor Recreation Industry


  • Maine’s Office of Outdoor Recreation: aims to “leverage Maine’s assets and outdoor recreation heritage to grow the outdoor recreation economy and build Maine’s outdoor recreation brand as part of a coordinated effort with partners from the public and private sectors.”
  • Carolann Ouellette serves as the Director of Outdoor Recreation 


  • Michigan’s Office of Outdoor Recreation Industry:  “works with industry partners from many sectors to anticipate emerging trends, create effective policy and elevate outdoor recreation opportunities and resources across Michigan.”
  • Brad Garmon serves as Director of the Office of Outdoor Recreation Industry
    • Contact the office here



  • Nevada Division of Outdoor Recreation: “tasked with promoting the growth of Nevada’s outdoor recreation economy, advocating on behalf of Nevada for federal funding, coordinate recreation policy among local, state and federal government entities, promote the health and social benefits of outdoor recreation, and promote engagement in the outdoors among diverse communities.”
  • Heidi Swank serves as the Administrator for the new Nevada Division of Outdoor Recreation. There will be one more administrator appointed in the coming months. 
    • No Contact Info Yet 


  • Office of Outdoor Recreation Industry Development: will work to “grow our state’s industry and economy, promote the social and health benefits of outdoor recreation, and inspire new generations to access the many benefits of going outside.”
  • No appointed director at this time.


  • New Mexico’s Outdoor Recreation Division: was created during the 2019 legislative session and will be “tasked with increasing outdoor-recreation-based economic development, tourism, and ecotourism, recruiting new outdoor businesses to relocate to New Mexico, and promoting education about outdoor recreation’s benefits to enhance public health.”
  • Axie Navas serves as New Mexico’s Director of the Office of Outdoor Recreation 
    • No Contact Yet


  • The role of Outdoor Recreation and Recruitment Director lives within the state’s commerce department to “promote North Carolina’s outdoor recreation economy and to assist in the recruitment of new businesses to the state.”
  • David Knight serves as the Outdoor Recreation and Recruitment Director
    • No Contact Info Yet


  • Oregon Office of Outdoor Recreation: coordinates the state’s outdoor recreation policy across agencies, between public and private sectors, and in cooperation with organizations that have an interest in seeing outdoor recreation thrive throughout the state. 
  • Cailin O’Brien-Feeney serves as Oregon’s Director of Outdoor Recreation


  • Utah’s Office of Outdoor Recreation: the first program in the country created in 2013. Its mission is to “establish a nationwide recreation management standard, and ensure that the state’s natural assets can sustain economic growth for years to come.”
  • Tom Adams serves as Director of the UT Office of Outdoor Recreation 



  • Washington’s program is housed within the office of the governor. The Policy Advisor for Outdoor Recreation and Economic Development “is charged with serving as the state lead on economic development issues relating to the outdoor recreation sector in Washington”
  • Jon Snyder services as Senior Policy Advisor for Outdoor Recreation and Economic Development 


  • Wisconsin’s Office of Outdoor Recreation: “will work to amplify the efforts of the Department of Natural Resources and Travel Wisconsin, protect natural resources in the state while supporting and growing the state’s $17.9 billion recreation economy.”
  • No appointed director at this time.


  • Wyoming’s Office of Outdoor Recreation: “strives to enhance and expand the outdoor recreation industry and improve outdoor recreation infrastructure/access within the beautiful state of Wyoming.”
  • David Glenn serves as the Deputy Director of Wyoming Outdoor Recreation Office and State Parks

Task Forces


  • Maryland’s Outdoor Recreation Economic Commission: “responsible for developing strategies and making recommendations to the governor to strengthen the state’s outdoor recreation industry and help ensure increased investment in our state’s outdoor recreation resources.”
  • See a list of appointed commission members here.


  • Vermont Outdoor Recreation Collaborative (VOREC):  “Leveraging Vermont’s Outdoor Recreation Assets to Stimulate and Improve Economic Outcomes” This entity serves as an advisor to the Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation Agency of Commerce and Community Development. 
  • Michael Snyder serves as commissioner and chair of VOREC

How can you take action?

Check out this comprehensive resource from the Outdoor Industry Association to learn more about how you can get involved with your state’s office or task force. 

If your state does not have an office or task force, OIA encourages constituents to do the following:

  • Find peers and colleagues in the industry who also see the need for an office or task force in your state and build relationships and coalitions with these industry leaders
  • Start communicating and building relationships with your state representatives
  • Reach out to OIA for assistance


NOTE: THIS IS A LIVING RESOURCE! As with all resources on Outdoor Advocacy Project, there is always room to continue the conversation, add a new perspective, bolster the resources, and share new findings. Got something you want to add, change, challenge or amplify? Let us know in the comments, or e-mail team@outdooradvocacy.com to write your own.

Amelia Howe
Amelia Howe

Amelia Howe is an environmental advocacy and policy professional based in Salt Lake City. She analyzes complex legislation, creating digestible summaries that inspire thoughtful engagement. Coffee and climbing fill her time when she isn’t nerding out over the latest policy news. 

What is Recreation Not Red-Tape Act?

Photo by Chris Abney on Unsplash

According to the actual bill language, Recreation Not Red-Tape Act (RNR) was designed “to promote innovative approaches to outdoor recreation on Federal land and to increase opportunities for collaboration with non-Federal partners, and for other purposes.” This bill, along with the SOAR Act, seeks to reduce permitting barriers by modernizing and expediting the system, and therefore increase access to public lands and waters.

Who are the sponsors/co-sponsors/who introduced it?:

  • S. 1967: Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR). Check out the 2 cosponsors here 
  • HR 3458: Rep. Rob Bishop (R-UT). Check out the 6 cosponsors here

Read the Full Legislative Text here: S. 1967, HR 3458

What does this bill do for the outdoors?

According to this  Outdoor Alliance blog post, “The bill:

  • Supports the creation of state offices of outdoor recreation;
  • Makes federal and state recreation passes more available and facilitates their online sale;
  • Improves access to outdoor recreation programs for service members and veterans;
  • Extends seasonal recreation opportunities where appropriate;
  • Directs management agencies to develop recreation performance metrics for the evaluation of land managers;
  • Adds recreation to the mission of important land management agencies, including the Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of Reclamation, FERC, and the Department of Transportation; and
  • Helps land managers accept volunteers to conduct stewardship activities, and facilitate trail maintenance across agency jurisdictions.
  • Most importantly, the bill will set up a process to help identify and protect important areas for outdoor recreation through a National Recreation Area System.”

What’s happening now:

In the Senate: 

Key takeaway from hearing: There is strong bipartisan support for this bill from Senators.

In the House:

Key takeaway from hearing: There is strong bipartisan support for this bill from both members of Congress and witnesses who testified on behalf of land management agencies. 

How can you take action?

Now that hearings are complete for this bill and there appears to be strong bipartisan support in both the House and the Senate, it is important to keep up momentum by affirming your elected officials that voting “YEA” on RNR is the right thing to do for public lands and the outdoor recreation community. Utilize this easy-to-use l;etter writing tool created by the Outdoor Alliance below to tell your lawmakers that you support the Recreation Not Red-Tape Act. 


NOTE: THIS IS A LIVING RESOURCE! As with all resources on Outdoor Advocacy Project, there is always room to continue the conversation, add a new perspective, bolster the resources, and share new findings. Got something you want to add, change, challenge or amplify? Let us know in the comments, or e-mail team@outdooradvocacy.com to write your own.

Amelia Howe
Amelia Howe

Amelia Howe is an environmental advocacy and policy professional based in Salt Lake City. She analyzes complex legislation, creating digestible summaries that inspire thoughtful engagement. Coffee and climbing fill her time when she isn’t nerding out over the latest policy news. 

Photo by Bart Jaillet on Unsplash

What is Greenwashing?

Photo by Bart Jaillet on Unsplash
Photo by Bart Jaillet on Unsplash

Greenwashing, by definition, is a PR tactic that spends more time and money claiming to be ‘green’ than actually implementing business practices that are sustainable and ethical. While typically used to describe environmental issues, it has evolved to include social injustices because these areas are deeply intertwined. Sometimes it’s easy to spot—such as the oxymoron of clean coal—and sometimes, it’s hidden behind vague terms like “made from natural ingredients.” Greenwashing can range from a simple name change like Nestlé Pure Life to Exxon’s Million Dollar Ad Campaign.

Nowadays, greenwashing most commonly takes the form of Random Acts of Greenness—in other words, a couple of tweaks to a product or practice that garner PR points but do nothing to enact systemic change. Eco-conscious PR points go farther with millennials, who are willing to pay more for sustainable products than older generations. Random Acts of Greenness are safe for businesses because they appear to step in the right direction, don’t disrupt profit margins, and cash in on folks who want to do good. In a world responding to the climate crisis, the future of businesses hinges on their sustainability policies—whether those policies are environmentally-sound is another situation altogether.

So how can we make a conscious purchasing decision? It’s all about doing the research and seeking transparency.

Spot It.

Generally, what makes something greenwashed boils down to 5 basic signs. Let’s look at it in the context of denim jeans:

  1. No Proof: making claims like “jeans dyed naturally” without defining or backing up with a third-party certification.
  2. Vagueness: similar to #1, what does “dyed naturally” even mean?
  3. Hidden Trade-Off: the jeans claim to be dyed naturally, but the process wastes thousands of gallons of water.
  4. Lesser of Two Evils: naturally dyed jeans are better than synthetically dyed jeans…but doesn’t change the bigger problem of dye runoff polluting waterways.
  5. Outright Dishonesty: turns out the “dyed naturally” claim is a lie since there are carcinogens in the supply chain.

Yikes. One of the signs I frequently encounter in the wild (of my grocery aisles) is No Proof. Did you know that terms like “all-natural” mean absolutely nothing? The FDA, which regulates about 75 percent of the nation’s food supply, does not define this term, leaving it up to the discretion of companies that use it. Therefore, a “natural” product could include artificial preservatives or a synthetic chemical blend.

Yet, I believe the most dangerous of these signs is the hidden trade-off. By hiding supply chain sins behind the corporate curtain, companies can get away with human rights abuses, releasing all kinds of pollutants, and degrading the environment. Business as usual can continue as long as customers are ignorant of what is actually happening.

Check It.

The beautiful thing about our consumer-centric market is that we have power over these companies—because if we knew that a chocolate brand used child labor, we’d stop buying it. Conscious consumerism believes businesses have a responsibility to come clean about their practices. If their process is ethical, there’s nothing to hide. One such way to ensure socially and environmentally-sound practices is to check for a third-party certification.

Certifications are like fact-checkers—they are independent bodies that make sure a business is doing what it claims. There are plenty to choose from, ranging from B-Corp, the Leaping Bunny, USDA Certified Organic, and a plethora of fair trade certifiers. Many of these hold high standards of sustainability and social justice. For buyers, a trusted third-party seal makes it much easier to determine the green and the greenwashed. (Unfortunately, even certifiers are can be greenwashed–use the Eco Labels Index to find out if that seal is real or not.)

Keep in mind that not all businesses have the funds to hire a certifier. Luckily, small businesses are easier to contact than major operations, so ask them about their sustainability plan and check for actionable goals. An actionable goal is something that can be measured, such as “100 percent organic bamboo by 2020.” Extra points for a business that publishes its plan on its website. But if they won’t or don’t answer you… well, that’s pretty telling in itself.

Here is a list of resources to check greenwashing:

  • goodonyou.eco for clothing brands. Checks for transparency, a living wage, animal treatment, other certifiers, and much more. The results will surprise you.
  • Environmental Working Group’s Skin Deep database. Checks cosmetics and personal care products for ingredient safety, animal welfare, and health warnings. This one is a little harder to understand at first glance, so I recommend scanning their user guide first.
  • ABC’s of Food Labels by Green America. This one is a little different in that it ranks food label certifications—because false food labels are perhaps the most rampant among the greenwashed offenders. Some of the labels also have overlap with clothing, since cotton and bamboo are agricultural products.
  • This guide by Fair Trade Winds. Like food, fair trade has a lot of confusing labels. This article seeks to clarify that. I would like to point out the criticisms of Fairtrade USA, however; after deciding to certify plantations, which are historically subject to worker abuses, Fairtrade USA was accused of being greenwashed with fair trade certifications. It’s up to you to decide if those criticisms are valid.
  • I often use several of these to cross-check brands, too. For example, Madewell has some Fairtrade USA certified clothing. Given what I know about the Fairtrade USA certifying plantations, coupled with its “Not Good Enough” rating on goodonyou.eco, I hesitate on purchasing. In comparison, Tom’s of Maine deodorant is B-Corp certified (a real label when cross-checked on Eco Labels Index) and is rated highly on the Skin Deep database.

Stop It.

Is it possible to avoid greenwashed products altogether? For most of us, no–but don’t feel guilty. It’s not our fault, but the fault of an economy that prioritizes profits over the wellbeing of people and the planet—yet that same economy gives us power. Greenwashing, while a deceitful business practice, has created a wave of savvy, conscious consumers and a generation of entrepreneurs that address the triple bottom line (re: business model that addresses profit, social, and environmental goals). 

As buyers, we can stop greenwashing by supporting brands that do serious work with our dollars. This raises the standard across industries and makes it easier for all businesses to integrate social and environmental goals as responsible manufacturers grow in demand. It also raises alarms that other businesses must reimagine their practices to stay relevant. 

The second action of combating greenwashing is calling out bad actors. Did you discover that your favorite clothing brand isn’t doing enough? Don’t let that get you down—demand a sustainability plan. This is how we transform business as usual. However, if their goals are not actionable or they’re refusing to release sustainability progress reports— it’s up to you to either demand accountability or take your dollars elsewhere. Supporting companies that refuse to do their due diligence is propping up social injustices. 

As conscious consumers, we can spot greenwashing and stop it from fooling others. We can demand social and environmental responsibility from business. We have the power to vote with our dollars for a better economy. It’s time we use it.

NOTE: THIS IS AN EDUCATED OPINION PIECE, NOT AN OBJECTIVE RESOURCE. As with all resources on Outdoor Advocacy Project, there is always room to continue the conversation, add a new perspective, bolster the resources, and share new findings. Got something you want to add, challenge or amplify? Let us know in the comments, or e-mail team@outdooradvocacy.com to write your own ed-op on this topic.

Mary Meade
Mary Meade

Mary Meade is an outdoor enthusiast, planet advocate, and writer. She breaks down the big ideas of sustainability to promote conscious consumerism and environmental justice.

ED-OP: Let’s Talk about Geotagging

Note: This piece originally appeared here on TheMorningFresh.com on 5/6/19. Since writing this educational opinion piece, writer Katie Boué has expanded her writing on geotagging to an informative piece you can read here on the REI Co-op Journal.

Photo by Oscar Sutton on Unsplash

First, I invite you to check your current opinions (read: ego) on geotagging. Just shelve ‘em for a moment, hit the pause button, give yourself 10 minutes of reading and considering before you interject with a “well, actually…” Here’s the thing about this post: you aren’t going to leave with a solid answer of to geotag or not to geotag.

So what is geotagging? According to our friends at Wikipedia,

Geotagging or GeoTagging, is the process of adding geographical identification metadata to various media such as a geotagged photograph or video, websites, SMS messages, QR Codes[1] or RSS feeds and is a form of geospatial metadata. This data usually consists of latitude and longitude coordinates, though they can also include altitude, bearing, distance, accuracy data, and place names, and perhaps a time stamp.

For our purposes, we’re mainly talking about the geotag feature on Instagram (and social media at large). According to SproutSocial, “an Instagram [geotag]  is the specific location, down to the latitude and longitude, of where you’ve stored your Instagram content. Geolocations are gathered from the physical location of your mobile device, which allows users to store or tag their content to those coordinates.” Geotags are a way to gain visibility amongst like-minded communities, a way to give mountains back their Indigenous names, a little digital log of the places you’ve been from restaurants and cities to trailheads and summits.

The idea of imbalance between public lands and visitors isn’t new–rewind to the 1940s and you’ll see reference to the same idea of “rapid growth in the number of Americans hitting the trail” (source). If you’re reading this, you’re probably an outdoorist, so you get it. The great outdoors is, well, great, so it’s no surprise that more and more people want to get out there.

Here’s the thing, more than 500 million people visit public lands annually (source), with over 330 million visits to national park sites in 2017 (source)–and blaming Instagram and geotagging for an influx of people at trailheads isn’t going to solve the accompanying issues of overuse. To blame a geotag is to eschew the deeper, critical issues our lands are facing right now. To say “Instagram is ruining the outdoors” is to water down our current environmental crisis with cheap sentiments of bitterness and old guard. Is social media playing a role in the current issues we’re facing? Absolutely. But it’s just one teat on an udder full of problems that need solutions (like the crisis happening at climbing crags across the country).

Further, I wondered: do we have any data or research that indicates geotagging and social media as the root of all outdoor evil? The short answer is: no. There is a distinct lack of science behind all of this, though I did find a few studies that surprised me.

Here are the results from a hiker survey conducted by the Adirondack Council, asking folks on the trail “why did you decide to hike today?” Note the least popular response:


The debate around geotagging has reached every corner of the internet from National Geographic to the New York Times. The Leave No Trace center issued new guidance specifically addressing social media. This is a topic that deserves nuance, as is seen within this Outside Magazine article that both cites Instagram as a reason folks fall to their death at Horseshoe Bend and also recognizes that “the best way to protect public lands is to have advocates. Often the best advocates are the folks taking photos and sharing them on Facebook and Instagram.”

Either way, I wonder: why are we blaming Instagram solely for the popularization of the outdoors? It’s not just Instagram y’all. The outdoors are being promoted in film, guidebooks, through e-mail newsletters, by tourism groups, by motivational speakers, in commercials–it’s everywhere. Is it just easy for us to scapegoat Instagram instead of taking the energy to consider how big and complex this beast is?

During a coffee date with my dear friend Bri Madia, who is infamous for her strong stance against geotagging, she posed a question I hadn’t fully considered: “What I want to know is, why do people geotag?” So, naturally, I asked my community–on both sides of the aisle. First, I polled on Instagram stories, do you or don’t you geotag (including general/regional tags)? There was a fairly even split erring on the side of ‘do’ with 1107 vs. 825 ‘donts’.
*note, this is not intended to be deep scientific findings, just a pulse of my community, don’t get it twisted.


The overwhelming sentiment in the pro-tagging camp was around the idea of sharing the experiences we have with others. “To share with the community” and “to encourage, to inform, to let people know about the amazing places right in their backyard.” Folks from places like the southeast, Kansas and Texas expressed a desire to help their neighbors discover that they’ve got rad outdoor spaces they might not know existed (“Coming from Ohio, most Ohio folks have no idea how much great hiking there is!”). Some do it to provide updated imagery of trail conditions.

Karen Ramos (@naturechola) summed up the pro side eloquently:

“Because I don’t believe in using conservation as an excuse for exclusion.”

Folks cited Instagram as a resource they used when they were first exploring public lands and planning trips, and use geotagging as a way to pay it forward. Heck, I just searched Placencia, Belize geotags last night to vibe out my trip in a few weeks. While Instagram provides a pinpoint on a map to a place that’s been geotagged, I wonder how many people simply drive straight there vs. how many use that as a starting point to begin their research on a place. I found no conclusive data on this topic, despite many strong opinions.

Many people also ‘fessed up to doing it for self-serving purposes, to remember the places they had visited, to get more likes, or “to brag about the hard hikes I accomplished.” An interesting note is that many folks acknowledged having small platforms or private accounts where their tags had less visibility.


I’ll start with the legitimate responses–and this one I personally identify with: “because I don’t need internet strangers knowing where I am.” I had this conversation again and again with women in my community. I travel solo often, and usually haunt the same spots because they are safe and comfortable for me. So, I don’t geotag those areas, and if someone asks me about it, I’m honest about that. As Bri Madia puts it,

“I grew up in a time when you didn’t tell strangers on the internet where you were. I’ll recommend guidebooks, map apps, and resources but I’m not going to draw you a map on how to find me in the middle of nowhere.”

I personally have had a number of creepy run-ins with folks who ‘found me’ via Instagram, so I’m careful about sharing my location (I don’t post IG stories until I’ve left a location now).

There are the other, more dire instances where geotagging is undeniably harmful too–like when it can endanger rhinos being sought by poachers. I also spoke to a woman in Big Cypress, Florida who cited orchid poaching as an issue perpetuated by geotagging. A number of scientists and ecologists chimed in with similar thoughts about needing to protect certain flora, fauna, and archeological sites.

From there, the responses devolve. The anti-geotagging responses echoed ideas of “to keep it a secret, not everyone deserves to know,” and “can’t trust the general public with wild, untouched places.” There was also “I want to keep my special places secret,” and my favorite for honesty, “I hate people.”

Folks, if you are “protecting places from people who don’t deserve to go there,” you are engaging in something called gatekeeping. (Please see Melanin Basecamp’s #1 reason why they are pro-geotagging.) Gatekeeping is a self-appointed decision on who does or doesn’t have the right to access information, community, or identity. And I pose this question to you: what exactly qualifies you as the person who gets to decide who is or isn’t deserving of ‘your’ outdoor spaces? At what point did you graduate from average outdoorsy person to almighty keeper of nature? Did you forget that there’s no such thing as “pristine, untouched wilderness” because as my friend Dr. Len Necefer reminds us: Indigenous people have been moving across, living on, cultivating, and celebrating that land way before settlers forcibly removed Native people from it and declared it wild.

Gatekeeping isn’t cool. It isn’t okay, and if you’re feeling a little uncomfortable because you realized maybe you’re being a gatekeeper–I invite you to consider changing your mindset around how you “protect” the places you love. I don’t always tag the specific locations I’m in, often opting for the general park or forest name–but I will always engage in a conversation and share my resources if someone DMs me about a place. The outdoors is not mine to keep (nor is it yours).

Aside from the exclusionary bullshit behind being anti-geotagging, my number one qualm with folks who gripe about Instagram ruining the outdoors is a lack of solutions for the problem. A lot of “get off my lawn” and not enough “here’s what I think we can do to make it better.” Scroll down to the 4th point in Melanin Basecamp’s recent geotagging article, and bam, solutions. Whether you’re for or against geotagging, we can all agree that there is a massive influx of people getting outdoors, and we lack the infrastructure to accommodate the boom.

Do I think everyone deserves access to the outdoors? Hell yes. Do I also believe that once we hit carrying capacities for trails and ecosystems, we need to start implementing permitting systems and quotas? Absolutely. Back to that study from the Adirondack Council, dive into page 2 and you’ll see that hikers largely support management intervention, trail closures, etc.

After all of this, my thoughts on geotagging evolved and I realized: the problem isn’t that geotagging provides too much information, it’s that geotagging doesn’t provide enough. My original sentiments erred on the side of “geotagging shortcuts the educational aspect of learning about a place” – so what if geotagging supplemented that? What if, at the top of public lands geotag pages was a quick wiki-style bite of information that could offer information about whether a spot is illegal to access, if there are sensitive cryptobiotic soils not to step on, whether an area is prone to flash floods or avalanches, if there’s an archeological site it’s illegal to disturb, a warning not to crush the wildflowers. What if the users aren’t the problem, but the system of geotagging itself is what’s broken?

Further, if used well, geotagging can be a tool to promote advocacy and spread information. If you do choose to geotag, I believe the onus is on you to provide resources and education. When tagging a spot in Moab (whether you tag Grandstaff Trailhead or just Moab), include a quick blurb about how delicate cryptobiotic soil is and why it’s important to stay on the trail. Offer a quick ‘and remember to practice Leave No Trace!’ or remind folks “this spot is 30 miles down a dirt road with no access to water, and you have to carry your poo out!” You hold the power to spread advocacy, and you have the power to use an Instagram post to spark positive stewardship amongst your community.

Instagram and geotagging are what you make it. Are there “influencers” out there who make a profit off public lands without stewarding them, or taking any action to give back to the places they benefit from? Absolutely. Who has the power to support that or demand that they do better? You do. (Oh yes, this idea of the ethics of being an outdoor professional/influencer is a topic I plan on traveling down the rabbit hole of in the future…)

And folks, I do truly understand that there are some places that are so special, so spiritual, so personally sacred that we (read: our egos, and that’s okay) truly can’t bear the thought of sharing the location with the internet–so, don’t post pictures of them online. If it’s truly about the sanctity of the place, and not about your ego, don’t post it.

In a report by the Center for Western Priorities, the group concludes a study on public land visitation by saying “Policymakers should steer clear of policies that limit public access to U.S. public lands. Instead, America’s elected officials should look for ways to maintain and expand outdoor opportunities by boosting budgets for land management agencies and guaranteeing permanent funding for conservation and public lands access. Hundreds of millions of visitors each year depend on it.” Replace ‘policymakers’ with ‘Instagrammers–and social media haters’ and you’ve got my feelings on this whole debate summed up.

NOTE: THIS IS AN EDUCATED OPINION PIECE, NOT AN OBJECTIVE RESOURCE. As with all resources on Outdoor Advocacy Project, there is always room to continue the conversation, add a new perspective, bolster the resources, and share new findings. Got something you want to add, challenge or amplify? Let us know in the comments, or e-mail team@outdooradvocacy.com to write your own ed-op on this topic.

Katie Boué
Katie Boué

 Katie Boué is a Cuban-American outdoor advocate, writer, communication strategist, and founder of the Outdoor Advocacy Project. She believes that every outdoorist has a responsibility to serve our public lands and protect our planet.

Q&A with Katie Boué: Solo Travel as a Womxn

This piece originally appeared here on TheMorningFresh.com on 11/19/18 after author Katie Boué completed traveling, primarily via road trip, to all 50 states.

Since my first 33 day cross-country solo trip after a bad break-up, traveling alone has been one of my favorite ways to adventure. I’ve slept in gas station rest stops, remote forest campsites,  cheap motels, KOAs off the highway–you name it, I’ve stayed there alone. Most recently, I hit the road to tick off my last 8 states on my quest to hitting all 50–my first solo trip with a dog in tow. You all had a lot of questions about traveling solo, so I wanted to create a resource to answer ’em all.

Before I dive into the nitty gritty of solo trips, dealing with anxiety + safety, finding places to stay, and more, I want to address my privilege as a solo female traveler. I am a queer Latinx, but I am totally white-and-straight-passing–and that creates an ability to travel with a level of inherent ease that is not a given for solo women of color. That said, if any non-white women have specific advice for solo travel for WOC, please leave a comment and I will add it to this guide as a resource.


I received this question in every iteration possible, especially in regards to overnight stays alone and hiking alone. There are many steps I take to prioritize safety when I travel, but the most important idea is: I always trust my gut. It doesn’t happen often, but when I get a bad feeling, I boogie, no questions asked. It doesn’t happen often, but if my gut tells me to go (which is very different from my general this-is-scary anxiety, which I’ll address later), I go. While Spaghetti and I were hiking on a paved path at Sleeping Bear Dunes, we heard a pop! pop! pop! in the near distance, and I remembered that it’s hunting season. We weren’t wearing any bright colors, and I felt uncomfortable, so we left.

I make a habit out of being hyper observant. At a trailhead, I scan all the cars in the parking lot and totally judge them based on bumper stickers, etc. On the trail, I keep mental notes on the folks I pass and sometimes tag along behind other groups to feel an added sense of security. In cities, I avoid dark streets, and prefer to be in my hotel at night. When I camp, I prefer to do so in places where I have cell service–or I’ll bring a satellite phone in case of emergency (most in case of car trouble vs. ‘safety’). Also when camping or sleeping in my car, I always have my car keys within reach and a clear path to the driver’s seat so I can hop in and speed off if I need to.

I turn on ‘Find My Friends’ on my iPhone and allow both parents and my partner to see where I am at all times. This makes them feel better, and it makes me feel better too. And when it comes to social media, I only post content that shares my location after I’ve left that place.

Get yourself some pepper spray. I also always carry a Buck knife my dad gave me many years ago on my first solo trip, and often sleep with it under my pillow. I chatted with a few women who have taken self-defense classes, and I highly recommend that path if you want to cultivate confidence in your ability to protect yourself. As for guns, yes, I did once consider getting one before my four-month solo road trip–but quickly realized that guns make me uncomfortable and I didn’t have confidence that I’d be able to use one to effectively defend myself.



An uncomfortable subject to address because I am not asking to be harassed when I wear make up, nor is any woman who chooses to wear whatever she pleases, but: I also often don’t wear make-up while traveling alone. Men tend to see any solo female traveler as an invitation for suggestive comments, so I often find myself not presenting myself the way I want to be while traveling solo, purely in an attempt to deter men who apparently cannot control themselves in the presence of women. Men, do better so I can comfortably wear my eyeliner and leggings while traveling solo kthanks.


Both. I spend a lot of time on Google Maps figuring out the drive times to various distances, scope out options for where to stay in each spot, then I’ll either settle on a destination for the day, or just start to wing it. I always try to keep it flexible so I can go with the flow depending on how tired I am, how much time I spend at pit stops, etc. Giving yourself options and knowing that you have ’em helps cultivate that solo traveler confidence.


I want to do a dedicated post on my must-have road trip essentials, but briefly:

  • A paper map. Technology will fail you, so I always road trip with my trusty road atlas.
  • My use-less-plastic kit: a giant Hydroflask water bottle, a Hydroflask growler that is always full of water for back up, reusable utensils + straw, a tupperwear for leftovers when eating out, and a few different sized zip-lock bags that I wash + reuse.
  • My go-to Ursa Major skin care kit: their balm, face wash, and wipes for when I can’t wash my face.
  • My ‘tech’ kit where I keep: all my device cables + plugs, my Garmin watch, a collection of Goal Zero mini chargers, etc.
  • An iPhone tri-pod so I can take selfies. No shame.
  • Blankets, all the blankets. And a full-size pillow.
  • Whatever creature comforts will make you feel more comfortable and confident on the road. It’s a road trip, so you don’t have to pack light. If it makes you feel better, bring it.


I love driving solo–I used to want to be a semi-truck driver. As long as there’s light out, I can drive forever. I listen to podcasts, livestream my local NPR station from home, jam to the trashy Miami music I don’t usually get to listen to, and use the time to reflect.

I find that once I hit a groove of driving, the time flies quickly. I also stop whenever I want to, and try to break up long stretches with short hikes. When I stop for gas or to pee, I always do a little lap around the car doing knee-highs and shaking my arms above my head like a wild person to keep the blood flowing.

As for staying awake: I have realized that I don’t do well driving at night, primarily because I’m night-blind and can’t see super well in the dark. So, I don’t drive at night. The beauty of solo travel is, you’re running on your own agenda, so you can stop whenever you want. When I get tired on the road, I stop.


I don’t. The chaos tends to spread quickly on a road trip, so I use a pitstop a day to reel it in and clean up the mess. I use a lot of Topo Designs travel bags in various sizes and try to have a place where everything belongs.


It’s expensive. Traveling with a partner means  gas is split, park entry fees are split, hotel rooms are split, everything is a bit more affordable. When I’m solo, all the costs are mine to bear. Since I stayed in hotels each night of this trip due to the snow and winter conditions, I made peace with the reality that it was going to be way more expensive than my usual camping + dirtbaggin’ trips.


Solo travel is lonely, but I love it for that. I am an introvert, and thrive on alone time. Lean into that idea, and fully embrace the spirit of solitude. Knowing that it’s for a finite amount of time really helps me dig into the rad feeling of being alone. As for missing my partner, I of course miss him, but he travels so frequently that we’re both used to be apart. Plus, time spent apart and focusing on our independent pursuits only strengthens the relationship.


To be honest, traveling with Spaghetti doesn’t make me feel significantly more safe than just purely traveling alone. She’s a 25 lb. muppet with a soft bark and a tendency to get really scared, so it’s not like she’s going to attack anyone. She does provide excellent company and make me feel less alone.

Solo travel with a dog is harder than I expected, especially during this most recent winter trip. All outdoor seating is closed for the season, so there wasn’t a single restaurant I could eat at with her. Instead, I ate most of my meals in the car or in our hotel rooms. And since we weren’t camping, I had to find dog friendly lodging each night. Pro tip: Motel 6 allows dogs and doesn’t charge an extra fee for ’em! 

When I had to leave Spaghetti in the car (never for more than 30 minutes on this trip), I made sure all food was packed away. The one time I didn’t, she stole a slice of pizza. She has separation anxiety we’re still working on, so having to stay with her all the time did impact my ability to do a lot of things. And traveling with a dog completely changed my relationship with National Parks. They’re inherently not-dog-friendly (for good reason), so I found myself spending less time in them.


Yes, many times. Ladies, I prefer to pee into something like a large yogurt container because my aim is not very good. You can also get a device like the She-Wee to pee with, but I get fussy about the idea of needing a penis-mimicking device to complete a function my vagina is perfectly capable of handling on its own, so I pee into yogurt containers instead, ha!

NOTE: THIS IS A LIVING RESOURCE BASED ON PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF THE AUTHOR! As with all resources on Outdoor Advocacy Project, there is always room to continue the conversation, add a new perspective, bolster the resources, and share new findings. Got something you want to add, change, challenge or amplify? Let us know in the comments, or e-mail team@outdooradvocacy.com to write your own.

Katie Boué
Katie Boué

 Katie Boué is a Cuban-American outdoor advocate, writer, communication strategist, – and the founder of the outdoor advocacy project. She believes that every outdoorist has a responsibility to serve our public lands and protect our planet.